A Blood Sugar Level Chart of blood glucose, or blood glucose, before and after meals identifies a person’s ideal levels throughout the day. It can help a person with glucose control if they need to maintain levels within a normal range, like people with diabetes. Doctors use blood sugar charts to set goals and monitor diabetes treatment plans.

The blood sugar chart also helps people with diabetes to evaluate and self-monitor their test results. The ideal blood sugar level for a person depends on what time of day they monitor their glucose and when they last ate. This article provides charts that display target blood sugar levels for the day (Normal sugar level in India).

Additionally, we point out the importance of staying within the suggested limits.

Blood Sugar Chart

A blood sugar chart is a reference guide for understanding test results. Thus, blood glucose charts are essential tools for managing diabetes. Most diabetes treatment plans involve keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal or desired as possible.

This requires frequent testing at home or on a physician’s orders, along with an understanding of how the results compare to desired levels.

Doctors often give recommendations for A1C blood sugar in charts, and they give A1C results in percentage and average blood sugar in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). To help interpret and evaluate blood glucose results, the following charts describe normal and abnormal blood sugar levels for people with or without diabetes.

Verification timeTarget blood sugar levels without diabetesTarget blood sugar levels for the diabetic
before eating100 mg/dL. less than80-130 mg/dL
1-2 hours after starting a meal140 mg/dL. less than180 mg/dL. less than
over a period of 3 months in which the A1C test can measurethe A1C test can indicate a level lower than 5.7%, and the measurement can be less than 180 mg/dL

Although a doctor will provide this guide, they will also put together a plan for managing glucose differently and include more or less rigid individual goals. The A1C test measures a person’s average blood sugar level over three months, providing a more comprehensive overview of your overall level of control.

Proper blood sugar levels vary throughout the day and from person to person. Blood sugar is often lowest before breakfast and meals, and blood sugar is often highest in the hours following a meal. People with diabetes usually have higher blood sugar targets or acceptable limits than those without the condition. 

Also Check: What is Type 2 Diabetes, Symptoms & Risk Factors

Here are some goals based on a variety of factors:- 

  • age and life expectancy
  • Presence of other medical conditions. 
  • How long has a person had diabetes?
  •  Diagnosed heart disease. 
  • Any known damage to the blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, brain, or heart. 
  • Personal habits and lifestyle factors. 
  • Not being aware of the level of blood sugar. 
  • Tension. 
  • Other diseases.

How to interpret the Blood Sugar Level Chart results

Interpretation of blood glucose measurement readings mainly depends on individual goals and standards, and these will be prescribed by a medical professional early in your diabetes treatment. Some forms of temporary diabetes, such as gestational diabetes, also have personalized blood sugar recommendations.

verification timeblood sugar level
fasting or before breakfast60-90 mg/dL
before eating60-90 mg/dL
1 hour after meal100-120 mg/dL

A person with very low or fasting blood sugar levels should take the following actions:

fasting blood sugar levelRisk Level and Suggested Action
50 mg/dL for MenorDangerously low: seek medical attention
70-90 mg/dlPossibly too little: Consume sugar or seek medical attention if you experience symptoms of low blood sugar
90-120 mg/dlGeneral premises
120-160 mg/dlMedium: Seek Medicine
160-240 mg/dlToo Much: Work on Lowering Your Blood Sugar Levels
240-300 mg/dlToo much: This can be a sign of inefficient glucose management, so see a doctor
300 mg/dl or moreToo much: Seek medical attention immediately

Unless blood sugar levels become seriously alarming, there are ways to bring them back to the normal range if the readings are too high. 

Also Check: What Is Type 1 Diabetes & Its Symptoms,Risk factors, Treatment

Here lower blood sugar levels include:

  • Limit carbohydrate intake, but don’t fast
  • Increase water intake and dilute excess sugar in the blood to maintain hydration status in the body
  • participating in physical activities, such as a post-meal walk to burn off extra sugar in the blood
  • eat more fiber

 If your blood sugar readings seem abnormal or unexpected, see a doctor. That said, many factors related to monitoring devices and how they are used can affect blood sugar readings, potentially making them inaccurate.

Final thought 

Controlling blood sugar levels (Normal sugar level in India) is an essential step in avoiding complications of diabetes. Making sure blood sugar levels remain within the normal range can also be a strong indication that treatment is working. Although many people will have individual needs and characteristics that make up their target blood sugar range, A doctor will establish these using a blood sugar chart at the start of treatment. They may adjust these goals as treatment progresses. If a person notices any extraordinarily high or deficient blood sugar symptoms, they will need medical attention.