Some people get diabetes when they are really young. When children and young people have diabetes it is known as Type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, constitutes a persistent ailment. Within this state, the pancreas generates insufficient or zero insulin. Insulin, a hormone essential for enabling the passage of sugar (glucose) into cells to generate energy, is involved.
It is an autoimmune disease which means our immune system attacks the pancreas, destroying all the cells that make insulin. Insulin acts as a key for glucose to move from the bloodstream into the body cells.
Insulin deficiency in the body causes the glucose in the blood to be locked out of the body cells and accumulate in the bloodstream.
That is why the blood glucose levels become elevated and cause type 1 diabetes. When our cells cannot make any insulin, the sugar levels in our body go up and we get diabetes.
This is not because they are overweight or don’t do much exercise. There is nothing to prevent it. It’s not their fault or their parent’s fault.
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms :
Diabetes symptoms is very common and easily identifiable you just need to watch the below symptoms in your child and if you found more than 3 to 4 matching symptoms reach your doctor and take expert advice.
- Increased thirst and constant feeling of dryness in the throat
- Increased frequency of urination
- Increased hunger
- Unexplained weight Loss
- General lack of energy
- Wetting of bed during sleep
- Blurring of vision
- Itchiness around the penis or vagina
- Unexpected cramping
- Skin infections
Type 1 diabetes occurs when our immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Scientists and researchers think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors. Some of the factors that trigger Type 1 diabetes are listed below.
Causes of type 1 diabetes are:
- Viral infections
- Low levels of vitamin D
- Cow’s milk
- Increased insulin demand
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment & Management:
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where you should take medicine or Insulin prescribed by Diabetologists. Apart from this type 1 and type 2 diabetes can also be treated by adopting a healthy lifestyle.
Type 1 diabetes can be managed with:
- Using insulin as per doctor’s advise
- Monitoring blood glucose levels regularly
- Following a healthy diet and eating plan
- Exercising regularly
Hope you understand what is Type One Diabetes and its risk factors, symptoms & treatment. In upcoming articles, we will give you a more detailed view of Pre-diabetes, type 1 & type 2 diabetes, and a guide to cure it.