Diabetes in Pregnancy: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can occur any time though it is usually diagnosed between 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy. It develops when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the extra needs in pregnancy. Managing gestational diabetes is critical in staying healthy during the pregnancy and protecting the baby’s life.

The disease is a short term one and disappears after the birth of the baby. However women who had gestational diabetes are more likely to develop the same in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes. A blood test every year will help monitor and control diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

Some problems caused due to high blood glucose levels during pregnancy:

  • Premature birth
  • Baby being overweight which can make the delivery difficult and injure the baby
  • Low blood glucose right after birth
  • Breathing problems

Also check: Other Complications for Diabetes Patient

Diabetes in Pregnancy Symptoms:

Usually there are no symptoms for gestational diabetes

Risk factors

  • Being overweight during the pregnancy is linked to gestational diabetes
  • Family history of diabetes


  • Following a healthy diet and eating plan
  • Taking regular exercise
  • Oral Medication: Certain oral medicines are given to maintain the blood sugar levels under control
  • Insulin: Not all individuals with Type 2 DM, need to take Insulin, but in cases where the oral medicines alone cannot control the blood sugar, addition of an Insulin dosage on a regular basis will help keep the blood sugar levels in control.
  • Monitoring blood glucose levels regularly