Diabetes in Pregnancy: This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can occur at any time though it is usually diagnosed between the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy. It develops when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the extra needs in pregnancy. Managing gestational diabetes is critical in staying healthy during pregnancy and protecting the baby’s life.

Certain people experience elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy, a condition known as gestational diabetes (GD). Typically, a balanced diet and regular physical activity suffice to manage GD. In some instances, insulin might be necessary to effectively handle GD. Failure to address this condition can potentially lead to health complications for both the pregnant individual and the fetus.

The disease is a short-term one and disappears after the birth of the baby. However, women who had gestational diabetes are more likely to develop the same in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes. A blood test every year will help monitor and control diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

Some problems caused due to high blood glucose levels during pregnancy:

  • Premature birth
  • Baby being overweight can make the delivery difficult and injure the baby
  • Low blood glucose right after birth
  • Breathing problems

Also check: Other Complications for Diabetes Patient

Diabetes in Pregnancy Symptoms:

Gestational diabetes doesn’t usually cause any symptoms. But some people experience:

  • Frequent urination.
  • Nausea.
  • Thirst.
  • Tiredness.

Risk factors

  • Being overweight during pregnancy is linked to gestational diabetes
  • Family history of diabetes

What are the indications of gestational diabetes?
Typically, gestational diabetes doesn’t present any evident warning signs. Symptoms are generally subtle and tend to remain unnoticed until diabetes testing is conducted during the second trimester of pregnancy.


  • Following a healthy diet and eating plan
  • Taking regular exercise
  • Oral Medication: Certain oral medicines are given to maintain the blood sugar levels under control
  • Insulin: Not all individuals with Type 2 DM, need to take Insulin, but in cases where the oral medicines alone cannot control the blood sugar, the addition of an Insulin dosage on a regular basis will help keep the blood sugar levels in control.
  • Monitoring blood glucose levels regularly