Other Types of Diabetes
Diabetes (otherwise known by the scientific name diabetes mellitus) is a complicated condition and there are many different types of diabetes. Many of us know only two types of diabetes that is Type 1 and type 2 but there are other kinds of diabetes too which we gonna talk about in today’s article.
What exactly is diabetes?
Diabetes is a severe ailment in which the level of glucose in your blood becomes excessively elevated. This can occur due to insufficient production or ineffectiveness of insulin within your body. Alternatively, it can manifest when your body is entirely unable to produce any insulin.
What are the types of diabetes?
There exist various types of diabetes. The most prevalent variations encompass:
Type 2 diabetes: In this form, your body doesn’t generate enough insulin, and/or your body’s cells don’t react typically to the insulin (insulin resistance). This stands as the most common sort of diabetes. While it primarily impacts adults, children can also be affected.
Prediabetes: This variant signifies the stage preceding Type 2 diabetes. Your blood glucose levels surpass normal but don’t reach the threshold for an official Type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
Type 1 diabetes: This type represents an autoimmune disorder wherein your immune system assaults and annihilates the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas for reasons that are not yet understood. Up to 10% of individuals with diabetes are afflicted by Type 1. Its typical onset is in children and young adults, although it can manifest at any age.
Gestational diabetes: This type emerges in certain individuals during pregnancy. Typically, gestational diabetes dissipates after childbirth. However, if you’ve experienced gestational diabetes, you face an elevated risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in later stages of life.
Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY)
MODY is a rare form of diabetes that varies from both type 1 and type 2 diabetes and has a strong family history. It is caused by a mutation (or change) in a single gene. If this mutation is present in any of the parents, their children, have a 50% chance of inheriting it from them. If a child inherits it, they will generally develop MODY before the age of 25, irrespective of their weight, lifestyle, ethnic group, etc.
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This is a type of diabetes that is diagnosed in an infant under the age of six months. It’s different from the more common type 1 diabetes as it’s not an autoimmune condition (where the immune system of the body destroys its own insulin-producing cells).
Wolfram Syndrome which is also called the DIDMOAD syndrome after its four most common features (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness) is a rare genetic disorder. It occurs commonly in young children and becomes fatal in individuals by the onset of their adult life.
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Alström Syndrome is a rare form, of a genetically inherited syndrome caused by a mutation in a single gene. It occurs in young children and affects all organs and body systems.